Tuesday, December 27, 2011

Monday, December 26, 2011

Jan Van Husum and the Patron Rensselaer




The story of the Rensselaerwyck Colony in America is well known.*

In 1629, the Dutch West India Company deeded to Killiaen van Rensselaer, one of the company's original organizers, an area of land centered on the present day city of Albany, and extending both west and east of the Hudson River. Van Renssalaer had made his fortune as a Dutch merchant engaged in the pearl and diamond trade, and, in the process, became one of Holland's wealthiest citizens. Before his death in 1643, the "first patroon" as van Rennselaer came to be called, engaged hundreds of settlers and sent them to Rensselaerswyck to be his tenants. Jan Fransse Van Husum was among them.

The conditions of the land grant required Rennsalaer to appease the original Indian owners of the land and to transport "fifty souls upwards of the age of 15, one-forth to be sent during the first year, and the remainder before the expiration of the fourth year." To this end, van Rennselaer's agent, Sebastiaen Jansen Crol, an officer in charge of Fort Orange, present day Albany, in a series of purchases from 1630 to 1639, purchased all the land on the west side of the Hudson from Albany 12 miles south to Smack's Island, "at the mouth of the Mohawk River stretching two days' journey inland", and also a tract of land to the east of the Hudson and Fort Orange, north and south, at a similar distance.The title Patron was one which passed down from father to son for 200 years, after the death of Killaen van Rensselaer in 1642.

See the original map of Rennsselaerwyck from Wikipedia.

Jan Fransse Van Husum

In 1639, Jan Van Husum and his wife Volkje Juriens sailed from Amsterdam aboard the ship Den Harlinck, having agreed to settle in the colony of Rensselaerwyck for four years. They settled at Fort Orange, formerly a fur trading post established in 1624, and, over the years Jan made several purchases of land. Eventually a tiny community called Beverwyck would grow around the old fort.

In 1652, Jan purchased a lot now located on the corner of Broadway and State Street. The next year he received a grant of land above the town's stockade with an adjoining garden.

On June 5, 1662, Jan Van Husum, as had Kiliaen van Rensselaer years before, became a freeholder of land, purchasing from the Mohicans several hundred acres of the Claverack land to the north of Rensselaerwyck. The purchase price was 500 guilders in beaver skins. Jan's purchase included the present day city of Hudson and part of Greenport. It extended along the Hudson Riveron the north from Stockport Creek to the mouth of Keshna's Kill on the south, which empties into the South Bay near Mount Merino, and on the east of Claverack Creek. At this point, it met the boundary of Rennsalaerwyck.

In 1664,  New Netherlands fell to the British and Beverwyck was renamed Albany.

Jan Van Husum and the Patron Renssalaer would meet in a court of law, as van Rennselaer contested Jan's land patent. After Jan Van Husum's death, the case would be decided in his favor.

*
There are two principal sources for the article - first Van Rensselaer Family, and, second, New Netherlands and Jan Van Husum. Of course, one also should always consult Joyce Lindstrom's book, Vanhoose, Van Hooser, Van Huss Family in America.

Sunday, December 25, 2011

Den Harinck

Jan Frans Van Husum and Volkje Juriens wed in the Nieuw Kirk in Amsterdam on May 15, 1639. Shortly thereafter, they set sail on the ship "den Harlinck," arriving in New Amsterdam on July 7, 1639. (Elsewhere spelled den Harinck). Jan and his wife Volkje made their way up the Hudson River to the new colony of Fort Orange. Eight children were born in Fort Orange or in the nearby settlement of Rennselaerwyck. The first child, Franz was born in 1640 and the last of the eight children, Volkert, in 1658.

(Genealogy of Volkje Juriens, Compare, the genealogy of  Tebbets - Courtney - Jerigan which records nine children, recording a daughter Catharina, born 1635 in Fort Orange. This is unlikely. Joyce Lindstrom records that the will of Jan Franz Van Husum lists nine children with Catharina born in 1653, which is more likely.)

Den Harinck/den Harlinck

Joyce Lindstrom reports that Jan and Volkje sailed aboard the ship den Harlinck. The name has been translated elsewhere as "herring," although I have not been able to find this translation anywhere.

Castelo Plan

The image is of the Castelo Plan (Wikipedia) and illustrates what the Dutch city of Nieuw Amsterdam appeared like at about the time Jan and Volkje Van Husum arrived.


Den Harinck

The ship den Harinck is included in a list of ships transporting early pilgrims to America. See Packrat. The list only includes passengers on an earlier voyage in 1637.

An updated list by the OliveTreeGenealogy for den Harinck May 1639, still does not include the name Van Husum.

Rennselaerwyck Settlers aboard the den Harinck 

A book by Arnold Johan Ferdinand Van Laer, entitled Settlers of Rensselaerswyck, 1630-1658, lists some settlers and the ships that they arrived on. Unfortunately, it does not include Jan and Volkje. Interestingly, it does record Willem Juriaensz, who arrived nine months earlier, and later in the history of Fort Orange had dealings with Jan Van Husum.

Settlers of Rensselaerwyck, 1630-1658 is available on Google Books. This source lists the voyage of den Harinck sailing 1637, arriving 1638.

The site lists other settlers (including Sander Leendertsz Glen, Andries and Marten Hendricksz, and Barent Pietersz Koijemans (Coeymans) sailing aboard den Harinck, from Texel in May 1639; arrived at New Amsterdam. July 7, 1639. The list may only include individuals working specifically for Rennselaerwyck.

The Journey aboard den Harinck

The ship set sail from Texel, an island off of the Dutch coast near Amsterdam. Texel was a common point of embarkation and hundreds of ships might lie at anchor at any one time.

Nothing is recorded of the voyage aboard den Harinck, but we do know that the voyage was quick, a journey of two months during the summer of 1639. We can therefore assume the journey was uneventful. By contrast is the voyage of den Harinck in September of 1637, which did not arrive until March of 1638, a journey of six months indicating that a winter's voyage was to be avoided. Settlers of Rensselaerwyck, 1630-1658, page 16.

Saturday, December 24, 2011

Husum - Die Stadt

Husum

The best descriptions of Husum and North Friesland can be found in the writings of Theodor Sturm, 1817 - 1888. Sturm was a native of Husum and his many stories, poems, and novellas take place in North Friesland. He writes of the greyness of the weather, the austere beauty of its expansive mudflats, barren pastures, and treeless plains, and finally the menacing sea which is always a threat to existence.

The World of Theodor Storm is an excellent resource for his life and works, as well as a good description of Husum and the North Friesland coast. Die Stadt by Storm describes his feelings to the town of Husum where he grew up.

Die Stadt

Am grauen Strand, am grauen Meer
Und seitab liegt die Stadt;
Der Nebel drückt die Dächer schwer,
Und durch die Stille braust das Meer
Eintönig um die Stadt.

By the grey Shore, on the grey Sea
At the seaside lies the Town;
The Fog presses upon the roofs heavily,
And through the quiet roars the Sea
Its steady beat upon the Town.

Es rauscht kein Wald, es schlägt im Mai
Kein Vogel ohn Unterlaß;
Die Wandergans mit hartem Schrei
Nur fliegt in Herbstesnacht vorbei,
Am Strande weht das Gras.

No forest stirs, in May
Each bird chatters incessantly
The wandering goose with its harsh Cry
Flies off only in the autumn night,
While on Shore the blades of grass wave goodby.

Doch hängt mein ganzes Herz an dir,
Du graue Stadt am Meer;
Der Jugend Zauber für und für
Ruht lächelnd doch auf dir, auf dir,
Du graue Stadt am Meer.

On that and you all my heart doth lie,
The grey Town on the Sea;
Of the Magic of Youth by and by
Rests smiling yet, on you, on you,
The grey Town by the Sea.

My translation of Theodor Storm's The Town.

Friday, December 23, 2011

Elizabeth and Catherine Worley


I was always struck by the fact that father and son, Valentine Vanhooser, Jr. and Mathias Van Huss married women with the last name of Worley. Was it coincidence?

Valentine Felty Vanhooser, Jr. (born 1768) married Catherine Abagail Worley (born 1768). Valentine would move to Tennessee in 1795. According to only one record, Catherine died in 1796 at the age of 28, and was buried in Wythe, Virginia. Catherine Worley. If so, Catherine died after giving birth to a son and a year after giving birth to her fifth child, Mathias Van Huss (Mathias is listed as the fourth child in some records).

Valentine remarried in 1799 to Juliana Spraker and sometime after 1812 to Matilda Venable.

* Search for the VanHoose(r)(n) Descendants Compiled 31 March 2011 by Robert S. Duggan, Jr.

Mathias Van Huss (born 1795) married Elizabeth Worley (born 1798). Mathias served with Capt. Solomon Hendrix's Company in the Tennessee Militia during the War of 1812. In 1817 he married Elizabeth in Wythe, Virginia. They had one child Valentine Worley Van Huss. Elizabeth died in 1820 and Mathias remarried to Lovina Dugger.

See Rutledge Family Genealogy.

The parents of  Catherine Worley were Michael Worley (born 1733) and Anna Reighert (born 1735). Barbara Craddock Schultz.

The parents of  Elizabeth Worley were Valentine Worley and Anna Spraker. The parents of Valentine Worley were the same Michael Worley, Sr. and Anna Reigher who gave birth to Catherine Worley.. Re: James A. Burchett

I hope I got this right.

.

***********************************************************

* Note on Mathias - Mathias Van Huss, son of Valentine Felty Van Huss, Jr., born 1795 in Wythe County, Virginia, died in 1856 in Johnson, Carter County, Tennessee. He had 11 children by a second wife Lovina Dugger. Descendants of Daniel Dugger. Lovina raised Valentine Worley and in her will referred to him as her child.

* Note to self. Valentine Worley, Jr., b. October 13, 1801, Cripple Creek, Wythe Co., Va., d. June 05, 1893, Wabaunsee Co., Kansas..

Thursday, December 15, 2011

Why Volkje Juriens and Jan Fransse Van Husum came to America.

There is often little to explain the whys and wherefores of any family history. We knew that in May of 1639, Jan and Volkje were married in Amsterdam. And that the set sail the same month aboard the sailing ship den Harinck, the Herring, arriving in New Amsterdam two months later in July of 1639.


The question that one always asks is "Why?" But to get to the question of why they emigrated to America one needs to understand a little history.

Frisian or Dutch?

Now, depending on who you ask, Jan and Volkje were either Frisians or Dutch.

Husum and Nordstrand

Before coming to Amsterdam, Jan and Volkje lived, respectively, in the town of Husum and on the North Frisian island of Strand (Nordstrand). Husum and the adjacent island of Nordstrand, originally Strand, is located off the Jutland peninsula.

The confusion as to their ethnicity stems from the fact that the ancient Frisians inhabited the northern coast of Europe east of Holland and along the western coast of Jutland, a peninsula that now is the shared between Denmark and Germany.

The Frisians lived along the coast from time immemorial. They were an ancient tribe first mentioned by the Romans. They formed their towns and villages out of hillocks reclaimed from the marshes and made their living by farming and fishing. Alongside the Frisians were the Dutch, Germans, the Danes. The Dutch because they excelled at building dikes, the Danes because they were the remnants of ancient Vikings. All spoke a related German dialect.

Cor Snabel

The people who lived in the area waged a constant battle against the sea.

Imagine my surprise when I came across Cor Snabel's site detailing the Great Flood of 1634. Here, finally, was something tangible that I could put my finger on and say, this is why they left.

Let me pause again to reflect that in 1634, Jan and Volkje w3ere unmarried and living in Husum and Nordstrand. But by 1639, they were living on Tuinstraat in Amsterdam. In May they married at the nearby Nieuw Kirk. Perhaps in anticipation of the marriage, Jan signed on with the West Indies Company for 4 years to help in the development of the Dutch colony of New Netherlands. Two ships arrived in the New Netherlands in 1639. They are the Herring and the Fire of Troy. Jan and Volkje arrived aboard the Herring in September of 1639.

The Great Flood of 1634

The Great Flood of 1634 was one of those cataclysmic events that alter history.  Cor Snabel explains that a similar flood occurred in 1362. And at that time, contemporary chronicles claim that whole parishes were wiped off the map. Over a 100,000 souls perished. Then in 1625, a storm struck Nordstrand, dividing the island of Strand in two. See Historic Storms of the North Seas.

Read also the German Wiki account of the Buchardiflut.

1634

To be continued...



Tuesday, December 13, 2011

Lord Dunmore's War

Just a few strands of thought.

I have included this because I believe that Valentine Felty Vanhooser participated in Lord Dunmore's War. I just need to do a little more research and polish up the writing.

Lord Dunmore's War

Lord Dunmore's War was a conflict in 1774 between the Colonists of Virginia and the Shawnee and Mingo Indians living in the lands west of the Alleghenies and south of the Ohio River. Liord Dunmore was the Colonial Govenor of Virginia. He called up a militia to pacify the Indian tribes who were attacking settlers in the disputed area. The war ended in October of 1774 with a colonial victory at the Battle of Point Pleasant. Following the battle, the Shawnees ceded all land south of the Ohio to the colony of Virginia.

Mary Kegley in Early Adventures on the Western Waters, Vol. 1. The New River of Virginia in Pioneer Days, 1745-1800, lists the members of Willima Herbert's Comany (1772) and includes the name of Valentine Vanhooser.

To William Herbert's Company of 1772, Mary B. Kegley lists Valentine Vanhooser. Valentine Felty Vanhooser is also reported as the overseer of the Carolina Road from Poplar Camp Creek to the Pottsylvania line. This route was used by settlers migrating from Rowan County, North Carolina to Kentucky.

One needs to reconcile the differing accounts of the Biographies of the Men in William Herbert's Company in Lord Dunmore's War (1774) and

Also

Location south and east of Wytheville on modern Highway 77.

Modern day Jackson's Ferry and the Shot Tower are located along the New River in the eastern section of Wythe County along Highway 52 in southwest Virginia.. SHOT TOWER HISTORICAL STATE PARK AND JACKSON'S FERRY. Herbert's Ferry was responsible for transporting settlers who were coming up from North Carolina on the Carolina Road and moving into Kentucky.

Google Directions.

Monday, December 12, 2011

Dutch or Deutsch

This article should be revised over time.

In her history of  the VAN HOOSE VAN HOOSER VAN HUSS FAMILY IN AMERICA, Joyce Lindstrom states:

Jan Frantz Van Husum wasn't Dutch as many people have supposed. Neither was he German. He was a Schleswigan subjected to Danish rule. He spoke low German, probably with a Frisian or Danish dialect. However, after three generations of living among the Dutch settlers in New Netherlands, his descendants gradually became Dutch by association. There were also more emigrants in New Netherlands who were Danish, Frisian and Schleswigan than Dutch.

At a gut level, I have doubted this thought primarily because the strong Dutch characteristics prominent in any of the paintings by Rembrandt, Hals, or Vermeer, are also visible in the facial features of my wife's father and the other ancient images of Van Husses, Vanhoosers, and Van Hoesens that have been saved over the years.These features include the angular nose, the sharp chin, the brown eyes and hair, and, over time, the silver hair that comes with age. To walk among the paintings of the great Dutch masters in the Rijksmuseum, one sees the merry and sometimes somber faces of the Van Huss men and women. Rijksmuseum.

Then as now, populations were constantly on the move and the peninsula now called Jutland, where the province of Schleswig and the town of Husum are located, was no exception to the forces of history and events. As pointed out in Cor Snabel's story of the Nordstrand flood of 1634, the area was ravaged by the bubonic plague in 1603, then thrown into the turmoil of the Thirty Years War in 1613, and, worst of all, subjected to a catastrophic flood in 1634 that forever altered the landscape and the lives of the Jan Van Husum and his bride to be Volkje Juriens.

Frisia from Wikipedia
A broad historical overview of the area give us the impression that the people who lived in the area were like the tides of the ocean subject to the forces of nature. The Romans called the tribes who inhabited the area Jutes, hence the name Jutland. The area's geographical significance was in the fact that the peninsula was a conduit for the transfer of goods between the Baltic and Russia to the east with the Rhine River valley and the Atlantic to the west. During the Middle Ages, the Danes established Viking control of the area. And even today, the northern part of Jutland remains Danish territory.

But, as Joyce Lindstrom observes there was one other group that figured predominantly in the region, the Frisians. Roman history records that the Frisii began settling the area along the northern coast of present day Netherlands and northwestern Germany around 400 B.C.. Ethnically, they were a Germanic people who spoke Frisian, a language related to the English. Like those who live in the area today, the Frisians struggled with the North Sea, constructing their homes on terps, man-made hills. They gained their living both from the sea, but also from the small farms they built where they kept their cattle and sheep.

There is a good discussion of  the Frisian language, still spoken by a few people on North Frisian Language,Wikipedia.

The Netherlands and the people we call the Dutch includes a much larger area than that indicated on the map. Instead, today's Netherlands are what was known as the United Provinces who rose in revolt against their Spanish overlords during the Eighty Years War.

Joyce Lindstrom is likely correct that Jan and his wife Volkje spoke a form of German. But, the distinction between German and Dutch is more one of dialect than distinct linguistic differences. In any event, the people who lived and worked along the North Frisian islands that included Nordstrand and the town of Husum, likely thought of themselves more as Dutch than German.

We know this for many reasons. First, name spellings of Jan and Volkje are common Dutch spellings and not German. The German spelling is typically Johann, but sometimes Jan or even Hans. Moreover, Jan Fransse Van Husum is the Dutch spelling. Even more telling is the name Volkje, which in Dutch means folk or common people. The German spelling is "volk" as in Volkswagen. Volkje family name Juriens, sometimes spelled "Juriaens", is often found in Holland, less so among Germans.

Other evidence of the Dutch association comes from the excellent historical article of the Flood of 1634 by
Cor Snabel, mentioned above. The flood of which Cor Snabel speaks must rank as one of the most catastrophic of that century. More than 15,000 people lost their lives, and on the island of Norstrand, where Volkje lived with her parents and sister, more than 6,000 died. Whole cities were washed away, the island of Norstrand was inundated and broken up into three smaller islands. Farm lands, which were covered by sea water, were ruined, with the result that many farmers packed up and left.

map of Nordstrand by Johannes Blaeu 1652
What Cor Snabel tells us is that four years prior to the flood, the German prince then ruling (he replaced a Danish ruler in 1627 during the Thirty Years War), hired a Dutch overseer, Jan Adriaansz Leegwater, who lived in the town of  Dagebull, a few miles north of Husum. His recounting of the terrible details of the flood and the names of the victims indicates that most if not all of the victims were Dutch in ancestry.
On the day before All Saint’s in the year 1634, when I was working as an engineer and a surveyor in the Bottschloter project, a big southwesterly storm came from the sea. At seven or eight in the evening, I visited the house of master carpenter Pieter Jansz, who was from Friesland, and who worked on a big new sluice in the project I was supervising.
Leeghwater continues, describing the aftermath of the flood.
Next morning, we saw and heard that all 37 houses of the workers were washed away, including all the people therein. Dikes, which had held up for more than 100 years, were destroyed. That day I took a boat and sailed to the village Dagebüll. The priest told me that the water had reached the level of almost five feet within the church, where people had found shelter. The house of master carpenter Pieter Jansz and the house of Pauwels Harmensz, where I had been before the storm, were vanished. Pieter Jansz and his wife and children had drowned, as had Pauwels Harmensz and his servant, who had accompanied me to my house. And there is more: early in the morning, my house was washed from the dike. The mansion was severely damaged, the cellar was like a ruin, and all the wine and beer had washed away. Big sea ships were stranded on high dikes, as I have seen myself. Several ships were stranded in the higher streets of Husum. I’ve been on the beaches, where I have seen horrible things. Countless dead bodies of people and animals, along with beams of houses, smashed wagons and lots of wood, straw and rubbish.

Aside from these few facts, we know that after the flood Volke was taken to the city of Husum. She met Jan, they moved to Tuinstraat in the city of Amsterdam.  The word "corte" is Spanish for court or section - not unusual since the Spanish had ruled the area for years. Tuijnstraat or Tuinstraat, as it is now spelled, is still to be found in Amsterdam, close to Anne Frank's House.

In 1639 Jan and Volkje embarked on a voyage to the New World. Whether Jan Fransse Van Husum was Dutch or Deutsch by birth, he certainly became Dutch by association, and to anyone who knows Bob Van Huss, it is the Dutch in him that we see.


Sunday, December 11, 2011

Disaster - the Flood of 1634

If you are looking for the event that brought Jan Fransse Van Husum and Volkje Juriens together than it is surely the flood of October 11, 1634. This flood was one for the history books. It struck the island of Nordstrand and the neighboring coastal town of Husum on the night. Thousands of lives were lost.

Hardest hit were the North Frisian Islands off the western coast of Schleswig. Among these was the island of Nordstrand where Volkje lived with her parents and sister Annetje. Jan live in the neighboring port city of Husum.

Much has been written by Joyce Lindstrom and others as to whether Jan and Volkje were Frisians, Dutch, German, or even Danish. I doubt there is a simple answer. Originally, the area was settled by the ancient Frisians who were know as far back as Roman times. Then again, by 1634, the area had been settled by numerous Dutch immigrants who were in the process of reclaiming land from the sea with the use of dykes and windmills. After the flood of 1634, hundreds, if not thousands, of survivors made their way to Amsterdam. A number of these emigrated to America.

The storm was intense. Dikes, which had held up for more than 100 years, were destroyed. Over 6,000 people died, dozens of towns were washed away. The island of Nordstand, where 16 year old Volkje lived with her parents and sister, was inundated and broken up into several smaller islands.The town of Husum, just to the east of Nordstrand, was likewise devastated. Farms were rendered useless by the salt water that covered the fields and saturated the ground.

Volkje parents did not survive the storm. Afterwards, she was taken to the neighboring town of Husum. There she met Jan Fransse Van Husum.

The map, dated 1652, to the left is by Johannes Blaeu. The large island of Nordstrand was submerged and broken up into several smaller islands. Blaeu's map shows the majority of the island still underwater in 1652. Those who survived went back to the ancient custom of building houses on a hillock as a defense against the floods.

A chilling eye-witness account of the storm exists. Cor Snabel's story of the Nordstrand flood of 1634.

There was nothing left in Husum and Nordstrand for Jan and Volkje. Later records would reveal that land reclaimed by the sea not recovered by owners reverted to the state. Other settlers were brought in in order to reclaim former lands.

At some point, Jan and Volkje would move to Corte Tuijnstraat in Amsterdam. The word "corte" is Spanish for court or section, and the street (straat) Tuijnstraat still can be found in Amsterdam. The street is just around the corner from the Anne Frank House. It is a little further to the house of  Rembrandt van Rijn, who was then an up and coming painter. Rembrandt married his bride Saskia in the same year as the flood.And in 1639, bride and groom purchased a house on the Jodenbreestraat. Unhappily, Saskia would die two years later.

Jan and Volkje's marriage fared better. In 1639, they would marry in the Nieuwe Kirk of the Dutch Reformed Church. Within months, Jan and Volkje were on their way to New Amsterdam, then to Upstate New York.

There are thousands, if not tens of thousands, of people living in the United States who owe their lives to the flood of 1634. My father in law and wife are among the group. Interestingly, Gary Boyd Roberts in Ancestors of American Presidents, p. 13, 269, lists Jan Fransse Van Husum as the sixth great-grandfather of Theodore Roosevelt, Jr., 26th President of the United States of America.


Saturday, December 10, 2011

The Beginning - Holland and Husum

How much can be learned about Jan Fransse Van Husum, the first Van Huss in America?

Four centuries have erased any images, personal letters, and artifacts that might give us an insight into Jan's life. Still, a few historical records have survived since 1639 when Jan and his new wife Volkje Juriens sailed from Amsterdam in the Old World for New Amsterdam in the New.

One, we do know that on March 28, 1639, Jan and six others signed on with Killiaen VanRenssalear to serve with the West India Company in New Amsterdam for four years.

Van Hooze History and Court Records Page

Holland

The Amsterdam that Jan and Volkje lived in before departing for the New World was a commercial hub. The United Provinces of which Amsterdam was the principal city, was engaged in a decades long struggle with Spain for political control. In 1639, a Dutch fleet convincingly defeated a larger Spanish fleet at the Battle of the Downs and ended Spanish interference in Dutch political affairs.

For a brief time Holland and the Provinces bloomed. Its commercial success was undoubtedly the result of many factors including its tolerance of differing religious views, its openness to immigrants, and the free-spirit of its capitalism. Success can be measured in many ways. Amsterdam transformed from a city of 50,000 in 1600 to 200,000 in 1700. Its harbor contained thousands of ships. And these ships sailed to the four corners of the earth, establishing commercial ventures and new colonies everywhere. The East Indies Company was perhaps the most successful of these ventures, but lesser known was the West Indies Company with which Jan signed up.

It is tempting to set sail for the New World with Jan and Volkje. But we shouldn't get ahead of ourselves. From Joyce Lindstrom's History detailing the marriage record of Jan and Volkje:
The church banns of April 30, 1639 are translated thus: "Appeared as before, Jan Franz from Housum, sailor, age 30 years, living in the Corte Tuijnstraat, having no parents but assisted by his cousin, Anna Jans, and Volckje Juriaens (daughter?) from Noorstrant, age about 21 years , of the same (street), having no parents, but assisted by her acquaintance, Isaack Pietersen. " They were married in the Dutch Reformed Church at Nieuwe Kerk at Amsterdam, Holland on May 15, 1639.
Tuijnstraat still exists on the map of the city of Amsterdam and can be found intersecting with the canal Prinsengracht, near the Anne Frank House. Tuinstraat, as it is spelled now, is still a residential area where an apartment can be found for 1750 euros a month.

Likewise, the Dutch Reformed Church at Nieuwe Kerk can still be found a short distance away at 17 Gravenstraat, next to the Royal Palace. Today, the church is no longer used as a church, but is now an exhibition space. Learn more about the Nieuwe Kerk.



Husum

Husum North Sea by Anne VanHoozer Burke
Jan had a father named Frances or Franz, or Fransse, depending on the language one uses. He was born about 1582, probably in Husum, Schleswig-Holstein, now part of Germany.

Husum is a seaport as far north in Germany as one can go. The city is described as the "Grey City" which is accurate as a description of any city on the North Sea in winter. A stiff breeze blows often making the area a center of wind power. The buildings are often pained in gay colors to offset the greyness of the sky.

http://www.deutschland-reise.de/stadt/husum/

I have not been there, but Anne VanHoozer Burke has.Click on her web page above and you will see several images of the city in winter.

It is likely that the landscape of the coast of Schleswig has not changed much in the intervening years since Jan lived in Husum. A description of Holland's north coast by one of Louis XIV's ambassador's in 1699 would probably fit the coastline of Schleswig as well. It is "...taken up on the seaward side with barren sand-dunes, subject ... to frequent flooding, and fit only for the grazing which is the country's sole wealth..."

View a 360 degree panorama of Nordstrand.

map of Johannes Blaeu, 1652
The flooding came from the cruel North Sea.

In 1634 a terrific gale hit Nordstrand, an island just off the coast where Husum is located. The sea swallowed more than half of the island, breaking it up into three smaller islands. More than 6,000 people drowned, over a thousand farms and houses were washed away, as were 28 windmills and 6 clock towers.

Among the dead were Volkje's parents. After the storm Volkje and her sister moved to Husum, where no doubt Volkje met Jan. The flood devastated the entire area. The salt from the sea covered the fields, rendering them useless. No doubt, this was the reason why Jan and Volkje moved to Amsterdam.

"The Van Hoose, Van Hooser, Van Huss Family in the United States", by Joyce Lindstrom

Friday, December 2, 2011

Valentine Worley Van Huss and sons

This article needs revision.

In 1845, Valentine Worley Van Huss married Lucinda Campbell. They lived in Carter County, near Elizabethton, In 1820, Elizabeth died giving birth to Valentine. Mathias then married married Lavina Dugger. They had many children.

Valentine Worley and his several children, James, Isaac, Daniel, and Robert, left Tennessee for Kansas in the 1870's and 80's.

The Registrar of Deeds Office in El Dorado, Kansas contains several deeds to father and sons.


Lowers Addition, El Dorado, Kansas

In February of 1880, Valentine Worley Van Huss bought lot 32 on Merchant Street of Lowers Addition, El Dorado, Kansas for the sum of $50. (Book U on page 452.) In 1881, James M. Van Huss sold the property to R. E. Van Huss. (There should be an intervening transfer, but I haven't found it. See Book Y 373.)

Valentine Worley Van Huss died in 1908 and is buried in Little Walnut Glencoe Cemetery beside his son Isaac.

son Isaac and father Valentine Worley Van Huss, Little Walnut Glencoe Cemetery



Image from an 1880 plat book for Butler County, Kansas.


In 1882, John Finley Van Huss (born about 1859), bought 160 acres of property immediately north of Beaumont, Kansas for $200.

Note. I need to find the other land purchases.

Valentine Vanhooser and Mathias Van Huss

Mathias Van Huss

Mathias was the fifth child of Valentine Felty Vanhooser Jr. and Elizabeth Worley.  He was born in 1795 in Wythe County, Virginia, but grew up in Tennessee and died in 1856 in Johnson, Carter County, Tennessee. Mathias appears to be the first one to spell the family name "Van Huss".

Mathias married Catherine Worley, and they had a child in 1795 named Valentine Worley Van Huss. Catherine died in 1798, and Mathias remarried to Lovinia Dugger, and they had 11 children.

See number 13., Re: James A. Burchett married Amanda Venable 1864.

Coming to Tennessee - Valentine Vanhooser

It was Mathias' father, Valentine Felty Vanhooser, who first settled in Tennessee. He arrived in 1795, the year of Mathias' birth, with a deed for 100 acres of land at the head of Cobbs Creek, close to Fort Watauga, and the town of Elizabethton.

Valentine's deed, using the name "Valentine Vanhooser" came from the state of North Carolina, reflecting the fact that, before Tennessee was a state, it belonged to North Carolina. Furthermore, the county where Valentine settled and Mathias grew up was then called Washington County, before the name was changed to Carter County.  Valentine purchased the property for 50 shillings an acre. The deed is on record in Carter County Courthouse in Elizabethton.

Many Van Huss family members still live in Carter County.
**********************************************

Note about money. I have not yet found a value for a shilling, but I have found other references of land sales by the state of North Carolina at 12 and one half cents an acre. But land values varied considerably.

See page 7, Congressional edition, Volume 6504.  Consider, the British Pound was 20 shillings or 240 pence. One shilling was 12 pence.



**********************************************

Virginia

Valentine Felty Vanhoser lived in Virginia before Tennessee. He had arrived in Virginia from North Carolina, and the family had come there from Pennsylvania, and before that, from upstate New York, and, finally before that, from the city of Husum on the North Sea in the province of Schleswig, now a part of Germany, but then an independent duchy. The original Van Huss, Jan Van Husum and his wife Volckje Juriens came to America in 1639.

One source suggests that Mathias was born in Tennessee, but most records including the later census records indicate that the family arrived after the birth. Mathias' father was born 14 Feb 1768 in Rowan County, North Carolina, the son of Valentine Felty Van Huss and Elizabeth Worley. The same last name Worley that belonged to mother and wife suggests a family connection.

I am trying to zero in on his father Valentine Felty Vanhooser's property in Virginia. (Keep in mind that there are two Valentine Felty Vanhoosers, father and son).

Valentine was connected to William Herbert, possibly during Lord Dunemore's War of 1774 between the Virginia colonists and the Shawnee and Mingo Indians. William Herbert had property along modern day Interstate 77, east and south of Wythe, Virginia, on state Highway 52. The location is at Poplar Camp Creek on the North River. Herbert operated a ferry there. Valentine Felty Vanhooser was his neighbor.

Resolve the above with the following:
Valentine Felty Vanhooser - Resided in Rowan Co NC in 1762-1764. He moved to Fincastle ( now Montgomery) Co Va. in 1774; moved to the North Fork of the Clinch River in 1775 but, after two years of fighting the indians, moved back to a more civilized area of Va that became Carroll Co, Va. in 1842. Prior to that it was Grayson Co; Va. which was created in 1792 from Wythe Co; which was created in 1789 from Montgomery Co.. Valentine Van Hooser was the first to change his name from Van Hoesen. He was known as Velten Van Hoesen. There is Valentine Van Hoosers through out the generations and they all have the nickname Felty.
  http://carolinagenealogy.org/all/pafg2506.htm

Google Maps location.

In  December of 1817, Mathias, age 22, marries Catherine Worley in Wythe County, Virginia. She dies the following year, giving birth to Valentine Worley Van Huss.

Tennessee

Father and son apparently had enough of Virginia, for by 1821 Mathias remarries in Carter County Tennessee to Lavinia Dugger. Valentine would be raised by his step mother and father, along with 11 half brothers and sisters. His father Valentine lives until 1857 and is buried in Johnson, Tennessee.


The following needs to be moved to a different article.


From the 1850 Census of Carter County, Tennessee:

Valentine Worley Van Huss marries Lucinda Campbell in 1845 and by 1850, they have three children.

Vanhuss Valentine 23 M W farming 100 VA REMARKS: Married Nov.18, 1845, 26 30 30 Vanhuss Lucinda H. 29 F W Tenn, 27 30 30 Vanhuss James M. 4 M W Tenn 28 30 30 Vanhuss Isaac S. K. 3 M W Tenn 29 30 30 Vanhuss Daniel S. 2 M W Tenn

See USArchives.

This family would later emigrate to  Kansas leaving Tennessee and the children of Lavina Dugger Van Huss.

Page 219   House/Family #   67/  67  - 9th Civil District Twp

VANHUSS MATHIAS       54 M W FARMER (m 1821)        800 VA                   1795/1796
VANHUSS LEVINA        55 F W                            TN                   1794/1795
VANHUSS THUMAN B      26 M W                            TN                   1823/1824
VANHUSS FINLEY E      20 M W                            TN                   1829/1830
VANHUSS ABIGAIL       19 F W                            TN                   1830/1831
VANHUSS JOSEPH P      17 M W                            TN                   1832/1833
VANHUSS DANIEL        15 M W                            TN                   1834/1835
VANHUSS RHODA         12 F W                            TN                   1837/1838

This is a part of http://www.martygrant.com/genealogy/smith/TN/smith-1850.htm

War of 1812

Lavina applied for pension after Mathias death. War of 1812 Widow's application #16562 and cert #9010 state that Mathias served under Capt. Solomon Hendrix's Company of TN Militia.

See Descendants of Daniel Dugger.

For a summary of Capt. Hendrix's duties see the following:
 COLONEL SAMUEL BAYLESS
  • DESIGNATION: 4th Regiment of East Tennessee Militia
  • DATES: November 1814 - May 1815
  • MEN MOSTLY FROM: Washington, Jefferson, Carter, Claiborne, Cocke, Grainger, Greene, and Sullivan Counties
  • CAPTAINS: Joseph Bacon, John Brock, James Churchman, Joseph Goodson, Joseph Hale, Solomon Hendricks, Branch Jones, James Landen, Joseph Rich, Jonathan Waddle
BRIEF HISTORY:
This regiment, along with Colonel William Johnson's Third Regiment and Colonel Edwin Booth's Fifth Regiment, defended the lower section of the Mississippi Territory, particularly the vicinity of Mobile. They protected the region from possible Indian incursions and any British invasion. These regiments were under the command of Major General William Carroll. They manned the various forts that were located throughout the territory: Fort Claiborne, Fort Decatur, and Fort Montgomery, for example. Sickness was rampant in this regiment and the desertion rate was high. The regiment mustered in at Knoxville and was dismissed at Mobile.

Thursday, November 24, 2011

CHRONICLES OF THE SCOTCH-IRISH SETTLEMENT OF VIRGINIA



Valentine Felty Vanhooser, Senior arrived in Rowan County sometime after 1750. By the time of the American Revolution he had moved his family to Virginia. By 1795, his son Valentine Felty Vanhooser purchased 100 acres of land on Cobbs Creek in then Washington County, now Carter County Tennessee.

I am not sure of the exact location of Valentine Felty Vanhooser's land in Virginia.

The best recorded description is the "North Fork of the Clinch River near Flat Lick". (Lyman Chalkley's Chronicles of the Scotch-Irish Settlement of Virginia, which in turn comes from the Superior Court records found in Augusta County, Virginia.)

The North Fork of the Clinch River runs through Powell Mountain, a 60 mile mountain which ranges from Norton, Virginia to Tazewell, Tennessee. Travelers made the route through  Powell Mountain at Kanes Gap. This was part of the Wilderness Trail that was blazed by Daniel Boone. Boone's Trail crosses Big Stony Creek, then out to Hunter's Valley through Rye Cove to Sunbright, near Duffield, and across Kane's Gap onto Wallen Creek. At Little Flat Lick all three traces became one before entering Kane's Gap, and thence down Powell Valley to Cumberland Gap. (Highway 23 on the map.)

See The Boone Trail and The History of the Daniel Boone Trail.

This is a summary of the pertinent portions of the CHRONICLES OF THE SCOTCH-IRISH SETTLEMENT OF VIRGINIA; Vol 2, pp 220 - 229 by Lyman Chalkley that relate to the Vanhoosers.

West half of Virginia by Digital Topol Maps


A little background history is in order.

Dunmore's War

In 1774 Dunmore's War took place between the Colony of Virginia and the Shawnee and Mingo American Indian nations. Although the war ended soon after the Battle of Point Pleasant on October 10, 1774, it did not end troubles with the Cherokee tribes who also claimed the land settlers were moving into.

In 1776, Fincastle County ceased to exist and was divided into three new counties — Montgomery County, Washington County, and Kentucky County (which later became the Commonwealth of Kentucky.  Augusta County, which also appears in many early records is located to the north and along the western border. Note also that these three counties were later reorganized into many other smaller counties. For instance, Tazewell County, which contains the area where Valentine settled, was not orgnized until 1799. By then Valentine Junior had moved into eastern Tennessee while other relatives continued to live in the area or migrated to other states. In searching for Vanhooser in Virginia, it is necessary to also use the spelling "Vanhouser".

During the Revolution, loyalties were divided. For example, Charles Cocke, who lived in the Cripple Creek area during the first half of the revolution. On 13 Sep 1777, he took the oath of loyalty in Montgomery County. According to his Pension Application, he served in the Company of Captain Henry Francis. This Company was composed of men from along Cripple Creek. Valentine Felty Vanhooser, on the contrary, remained loyal to the British side.

Chronicles of the Scotch-Irish Settlement of Virginia

The Chronicles concerns a land lawsuit whose records are found in Augusta County, Virginia. I have not discovered the exact nature of the lawsuit, but it is most likely a question of disputed possession that arose in the year 1811, the date of the suit. The case was before the Superior court.

Starting at the top of page 227:
McKenney vs. Preston--O. S. 308; N. S. 110--John Montgomery of
Russel County, aged 47 years, deposes, 11th March, 1811, in 1778 Andrew
Cowan and Thos. Osborn went down to improve a piece of land on a creek
they called Black Water at the Flat Lick, and on their return they came by
Kooser's (Hoovers) cabin. Black Water is a north Branch of Clynch.
Note. This is most likely a reference to Valentine Vanhooser. There are then several references by witnesses deposed who acknowledge the Vanhoosers living in the area. Other reference are to Indian troubles which drove many settlers from their claims.

March, 1814, John Hooser, aged 67, deposes, came with
his father Felty and brother Abraham to this country 37 years ago. John
has a brother Jacob who was never out in this country...
Charles Carter deposes, in Lee County, remembers that Titus and John
Benton were killed by Indians in Rye Cove in spring of 1777. He remembers 
the family Hooser or Van Hooser, as they were called, who settled on
North Fork of Clinch near Flat Lick in 1775. The oldest Van Hooser
(deponent understood from his father) made the upper improvement, and
the old man's son John was the next oldest man and made an improvement
near the old man. Deponent remembers two other members of the family,
Abram and Isaac. Deponent lived with his father in the Rye Cove at the
time those improvements were made. Never heard of Jacob Hooser.
26th February, 1812, Doswell Rogers deposes, in Lee County, he settled on
North Fork Clinch the same year that the Hoosers settled. The settlement
was broken up by Indians for several years. 
29th May, 1811, Peter Fulkerson deposes, in Lee County, the country was 
unsettled and dangerous in 1785 on account of Indians.
Note. The real danger of the Indians raids on settlers is revealed in many historical records. One instance is, "John Carter was a brother to Dale Carter who was killed by Indians at Blackmore's Fort in 1774. John Carter settled on a farm down river from Fort Blackmore about 1772. In 1785, the Indians attacked his home, killed his wife and five children and set fire to his house burning the bodies of his slain family."

From THE FIRST MILITIA ROSTER OF THE CLINCH RIVER AREA OF RUSSELL COUNTY.

Continuing with the Chronicles:
Elisha Wallen, aged 27, of Lee County, deposes, 11th March, 1811, Samuel
Gullrie, aged 36, deposes, 11th March, 1811, Wm. Wallin, aged 50, deposes,
knew the land in 1778, names of Hoosers (Hoovers) were Felty, Jacob,
John.
...about 1774 or 5. Andrew Cowan came to the
western country and settled in now Russell County, when danger from
Indians was great.
Jacob Hoozer deposes, aged 64, at house of Roger Oats in
Wayne County, Ky., about 1775 or 6 his father, his brothers, John and
Abraham Hoozer, went to North Fork of Clinch to improve land and all
made improvements except himself. Deponent was not there until about
15 years after, was administrator of his father then. Abraham was about
18 or 19 years old.
There is no reference to the son Valentine Vanhooser. Presumably he would have accompanied his father. By 1795 the younger Valentine Felty Vanhooser had left for Tennessee.




 

Sunday, November 20, 2011

Sorting out Records of Valentine Felty Vanhooser Senior

This draft article compares two genealogy records.

The following table lists the children of  Valentine Felty Vanhooser, born 1725 Claverack, New York, and Maria Barbara Zerwe, born 1725, Livingston Manor, New York. Valentine and his wife Maria lived for a time in Tulpenhocken, Pennsylvania before moving to Rowan County, North Carolina, then to Fincastle County, Virginia.

Valentine Felty Vanhooser Senior is the father of Valentine Junior who in 1795 migrated into the area near Fort Watauga, Tennessee. He in turn is the father of Mattias Van Huss of  Tennessee, who is the father of Valentine Worley Van Huss, who migrated to Kansas along with his son John Finley Van Huss. John Finley settled and farmed near Beaumont, Butler County, Kansas. His son Fred was the father of Robert (Bob) Van Huss of Wichita, Kansas.

 One must necessarily read Van Hoose Van Hooser Van Huss Family in the United States, by Joyce Lindstrom for a fuller understanding of the complete family line.

1.  Re: James A. Burchett married Amanda Venable 1864 Cox-Stewart Family History
iii. John VAN HOOSER 1. John van Hooser, b. 1747, , Anson, North Carolina, USA
.ii. Maria Catherine VAN HOOSER. 2. Maria Catherine van Hooser, b. 18 Apr 1747, Tulphocken, Lancaster, Pennsylvania, USA 
iv. Maria Barbara VAN HOOSER. 3. Maria Barbara Van Hooser, c. 30 Mar 1751, Tulphocken, Lancaster , Pennsylvania, USA 
i. Jacob VAN HOOSER died 1845. 4. Jacob van Hooser, b. 30 Mar 1751, Tulphocken, Lancaster (today Berkshire), Pennsylvania, USA 

5. Miss Van Hooser, b. Abt 1754, of, Anson, North Carolina 
v. Abraham VAN HOOSER born ABT 1756 in Rowan Co., North Carolina. 6. Abraham Van Hooser, Sr., b. Abt 1756, , Augusta, Virginia

7. Miss Van Hooser, b. Abt 1758, , Rowan, North Carolina, USA 

8. Valentine van Hooser, b. Abt 1758, , Rowan, North Carolina, USA 
vi. Curate VAN HOOSER born ABT 1760 in Rowan Co., North Carolina. 9. Curate van Hooser, b. Abt 1760, , Rowan, North Carolina, USA 

10. Miss Van Hooser, c. Abt 1762, , Rowan, North Carolina, USA 
vii. Isaac VAN HOOSER was born ABT 1764 in Rowan Co., North Carolina. 11. Isaac van Hooser, b. Abt 1762/1764, , Rowan, North Carolina, USA 
viii. Elizabeth VAN HOOSER, born ABT 1766 in Rowan Co., North Carolina. 12. Elizabeth van Hooser, b. 1766, , Rowan, North Carolina, USA 
ix. Valentine VAN HUSS, born 14 FEB 1768 Rowan Co., North Carolina, and died 1 MAR 1858 in Johnson Co., Tennessee. 13. Valentine van Hooser, Jr., b. 14 Feb 1768, , Rowan, North Carolina, USA



What follows on Valentine Junior needs its own article. I am saving it here temporarily. Save this next Valentine for later...

Marriages of Valentine VanHooser, Junior:
He married Catherine WORLEY BEF 1789 in North Carolina, daughter of Michael WORLEY and Anna REIGHERT. She was born ABT 1767 in Rowan Co., North Carolina, and died ABT 1798 in Wythe Co., Virginia.
He married Juliana SPRECHER 31 JAN 1799, daughter of Johann Christopher SPRECHER and Elizabeth REIGHERT. She was born ABT 1777.
He married Matilda MERRITT BEF 1850, daughter of Major MERRITT and UNKNOWN. She was born 1793 in Virginia, and died 1866 in Johnson Co., Tennessee.

Children of Catherine WORLEY and Valentine VAN HUSS are:

i. Michael VAN HUSS was born 6 JAN 1789 in Wythe Co., Virginia, and died 21 FEB 1875 in Lee Co., Virginia. He married Elizabeth ROSENBAUM 11 JUL 1809 in Wythe Co., Virginia, daughter of Anthonius Conradus ROSENBAUM and Elizabeth WORLEY. She was born ABT 1791 in Wythe Co., Virginia, and died 30 MAY 1874 in Lee Co., Virginia.
ii. Valentine VAN HUSS , Jr. was born ABT 1790. He married Elizabeth RAINBOLT. She was born ABT 1791 in Carter Co., Tennessee, and died 19 OCT 1826.
iii. Jacob VAN HUSS was born 21 OCT 1791 in Wythe Co., Virginia.
iv. Elizabeth VAN HUSS was born 17 SEP 1793 in Wythe Co., Virginia, and died 29 OCT 1826. She married John B. RAINBOLT JAN 1812 in Carter Co., Tennessee, son of Adam R. RAINBOLT and Hannah Jane POTTER. He was born 11 NOV 1788 in Washington Co. Tennessee (Now Carter Co.), and died 11 APR 1873 in Orange, Lawrence Co., Indiana.
v. Matthias VAN HUSS was born 27 OCT 1795 in Wythe Co., Virginia, and died 21 SEP 1856 in Carter Co., Tennessee. He married Elizabeth WORLEY 4 DEC 1817 in Wythe Co., Virginia, daughter of Valentine WORLEY and Maria Barbara SPRECHER. She was born 1798 in Wythe Co., Virginia, and died 1818 in Wythe Co., Virginia. He married Lavinia DUGGER 14 APR 1821 in Carter Co., Tennessee, daughter of William DUGGER and Nancy MILLARD. She was born 22 JUN 1795 in Carter Co., Tennessee, and died 28 MAR 1882 in Carter Co., Tennessee. vi. Christopher VAN HUSS was born 1796.

Saturday, November 19, 2011

The War of 1812

Mathias Van Huss

Mathias' widow Lavina Dugger applied for a war pension after her husband's death.  War of 1812 Widow's application #16562 and cert #9010, stating that Mathias served under Cpt. Solomon Hendrix's Company of the Tennessee Militia. Descendants of Daniel Dugger.

The War of 1812 began in 1812 and ended in 1815. Thus, Mathias was 17 years of age at the war's start and 20 by the time it ended. Andrew Jackson was the most famous Tennessean during the war. As a general in the Tennessee state militia he defeated the Creek Indians in 1814 near Tallapoosa, Alabama; and defeated the British at the Battle of New Orleans in 1815. Captain Solomon Hendrix's company, in which Mathias served, was part of the 4th Regiment of East Tennessee Militia commanded by Colonel Samuel Bayless.This regiment was formed in November 1814 and was responsible for guarding the area near Mobile, Alabama.

Valentine Felty Van Huss

When the War of 1812 began, Valentine Felty Vanhooser, Jr. was living in eastern Tennessee near Fort Watauga.

He farmed 100 acres of land next to Cobbs Creek near Fort Watauga, in what was formerly Wahington County, North Carolina, and later Carter County, Tennessee. Valentine left the eastern side of the Appalachians and crossed to the Tennessee side in 1795, recording his deed 2 years later in the county courthouse at nearby Elizabethton. Joining Valentine in this new territory was his wife Catherine Worley. This Valentine was the thirteenth child of Valentine Felty Vanhooser Senior and his wife Maria Barbara Zerwe.

The rest of the article that follows is about young Valentine's older brother, and Mathias' uncle, Isaac.

Tennessee's participation in the war for the most part meant battling the Cherokees, Shawnees and other Indians the British had armed.

Another Tennessean, Andrew Jackson would form a militia of volunteers from Tennessee. In March of 1814 Jackson and the Tennessee Volunteers made their way into Alabama. Allied with the Cherokee and friendly Creeks, Jackson engaged in several conflicts with the warring Creeks of the region known as the Red Sticks. Finally, on the banks of the Tallapoosa River at Horseshoe Bend, Jackson and his forces would decisively defeat the hostile Creeks, opening up settlement of Alabama to later settlers. Later, in January of 1815, at New Orleans Jackson would again make history by defeating the British.

The is no record of Valentine's service during the War of 1812, but reference is made to his brother Isaac, who was four years senior. As Valentine was born in 1768, this would make Isaac 48 in 1812. As a note, there is not much to be made of the short period of enlistment by Isaac. Most enlistments in the Tennessee Militias were only for the short duration of three months. General Jackson, bu his oratory and demeanor, would often have to suggest that the troops re-up to finish a campaign.
Isaac served in the War of 1812 as a drummer.
The only complete muster roll found of 1812 was that of Capt. Asabel [Asahel] Rains. This company was a part of the Second Regiment, West Tennessee Militia, commanded by Col. Alexander Lowrey and Lieut. Col. Leroy Hammonds. Captain Rains, company was, with his regiment, mustered into service at Fayetteville, Tennessee on September 20, 1814 and served until December 31, of the same year.
Isaac Vanhooser 

Consulting the records of the Tennessee Militia, one finds the service record for the Second Regiment.

BRIEF HISTORY:
Part of General Nathaniel Taylor's brigade, this regiment was scattered throughout the Creek territory and the vicinity of Mobile to man the various forts in the region: Forts Jackson, Montgomery, Claiborne, and Pierce. 

Some of the companies participated in the taking of Pensacola (7 November 1814) from Spanish authorities that were accused by Jackson of supporting British troops there.

Loury resigned on 20 November 1814 and Lieutenant Colonel Leroy Hammonds took over as commander. The regiment was plagued by disease during its tenure in the Mississippi Territory. For example, a morning report of Captain Asahel Rains on 6 January 1815 shows twenty-seven on the sick list and twenty-seven additional men required to take care of the sick (totaling half the company).


Regimental Histories of the Second Regiment during the War of 1812.

Thursday, November 17, 2011

Valentine Felty Vanhooser on the Clinch River, Virginia

This is just a draft that needs editing.

Valentine Velty Vanhooser and his wife Maria Barbara Zerwe arrived in western North Carolina somewhere between 1747 and 1754, settling in the Yadkin Valley close to the Virginia border. The area of their land holdings, in what is now Surry County, was originally called Anson county. Later, about 1753, Rowan County was formed from the western section of Anson County with a county seat at Salisbury. Still later, about 1771, Surry County was formed. For this reason, all of these counties will occasionally be referenced in records about the Vanhoosers.

Valentine and his wife lived for 20 years in North Carolina, producing thirteen children by some records, the last of whom, Valentine Felty Vanhooser, Jr., was born 1768 in Rowan County. This Valentine is Bob's ancestor. He would later migrate to Tennessee in 1795.

Valentine's oldest son John will be the subject of the deposition found in the Chronicles of the Scotch-Irish Settlement in Augusta Co., Va by Chalkey, Vol.2, pp. 227-8. In a deposition in 1814, John who was then 67 years old, testified that he and his family came to Virginia in 1777, as he recalled. Another deponent, Charles Carter remembered the family Vanhooser arriving in 1775 and settling along the North Fork of Clinch River near Flat Lick. By the time of this deposition, the elder Valentine had died, and his younger son Valentine Jr. had left Virginia for Tennessee, settling near Fort Watauga.

Valentine senior and his family prospered in North Carolina, as evidenced by the several land transactions in which he bought and sold land at a considerable profit. But, sometime around 1771, Valentine moved from North Carolina across the border to Virginia, first near Fincastle for several years, then to the North Fork of the Clinch River in what is now Tazewell County.

The North Fork of the Clinch River cuts across Powell Mountain on the extreme western edge of Virginia and crosses into Tennessee. Powell Mountain is crossed by U.S. Route 58, the "Daniel Boone Trail Highway", the Wilderness Road crossing the mountain nearby, at Kanes Gap. This is the route that Daniel Boone and a large party would take in September 1779, leaving the Yadkin Valley and crossing first to the area near Fort Watauga, in what is now eastern Tennessee, then to Kentucky.

Vanentine Vanhooser's reasons for leaving North Carolina after so many years are unknown. But many were fleeing the violence of North Carolina. These include the struggle between the so-called "Regulators" and the
taxing authorities. Indian troubles continued on occasion as Cherokees raided western settlements in North Carolina from time to time. The coming American Revolution also stirred up rival passions between those seeking independence and Tories who remained loyal to the British. One who left on this trek later recalled that the road out of North Carolina was so clogged with Tories leaving that a traveler "could hardly get along the road for them."

See Boone, a Biography by Robert Morgan, page 288.

In 1771, Lord Dunmore became governor of Virginia. He and others, including George Washington, were interested in land speculation west of the Alleghenies. His policy was to encourage settlement in the Shawnee Indians’ ancestral hunting grounds south of the Ohio River in what is today Kentucky and West Virginia. This led to what is known as "Dunmore’s War". In the summer of 1774, Lord Dunmore along with a militia from Augusta, Fincastle, and Botetourt Counties defeated the Shawnees at the Battle of Point Pleasant.  British and colonial success was overtaken by events at Lexington and Concord. The outbreak of the American Revolution divided loyalties between Tories and those seeking independence. Lord Dunmore would command the loyalists in Virginia during the war.

Later, the Virginia legislature, in 1779, passed a law that settlers who had taken up land in the western reaches of Virginia prior to January 1, 1778, might obtain 400 acres at a nominal price and preemption rights to another thousand acres at the usual price of forty pounds per hundred acres.

It is not known whether Valentine Vanhooser participated in Dunemore's campaigns. He had however moved to Virginia at about the time of the outbreak of hostilities. His move to the mountains of western Virginia would have traded troubles with the Cherokees for Dunmore's campaign against the Pawnees. And, Valentine Vanhooser's known Tory sympathies make his move to Virginia away from North Carolina more logical.The question of family loyalties during the Revolution was not always clear. Even a loyal patriot like Daniel Boone had members of his wife's family who had Tory sympathies during the war.

References and source:


Valentine Felty Vanhooser
About 1771 Valentine sold his land in Surry Co., NC and moved to Virginia, settling just across the border in what was then Fincastle (now Carroll) Co., Va. He lived there for about four years before moving north and west to the North Fork of the Clinch River in what is now Tazewell Co., Va. According to Chronicles of the Scotch-Irish Settlement in Augusta Co., Va by Chalkey, Vol.11, pp. 227-8, Valentine and his oldest son, John took up land in that area, but only lived there two years before they were driven out by Indian uprisings. They returned to their former piece of land which was located along New River and Little Reed Island which was then in Montgomery Co., which became Wythe Co. in 1789/90 and Grayson Co. in 1792 and finally Carroll Co. in 1842.
Chronicles of the Scotch-Irish Settlement in Augusta Co., Va by Chalkey, Vol.2, pp. 227-8
 
March 1814 John Hooser, aged 67, deposes, came with
his father Felty and brother Abraham to this country 37 years ago. John
has a brother Jacob who was never out in this country. 
 
March, 1811, Elisha Wallen, aged 27, deposes. Caveat, 12th August, 1799, by John
Mackenny and Elisha Adams against John Donnell, assignee of Andrew
Cowan and John Campbell, Jr., for 400 acres in Lee County on North
Fork Clinch. Donnell and Campbell were granted a certificate by the 
Commissioners 8th August, 1781. Caveators claim under an entry made by
James Dugless, 1780, and sold by him to John Balfour, who has sold to
caveators. Thos. Beelor was an early settler on the land. 29th May, 1811, 
 
Charles Carter deposes, in Lee County, remembers that Titus and John
Benton were killed by Indians in Rye Cove in spring of 1777. He remembers 
the family Hooser or Van Hooser, as they were called, who settled on
North Fork of Clinch near Flat Lick in 1775. The oldest Van Hooser
(deponent understood from his father) made the upper improvement, and
the old man's son John was the next oldest man and made an improvement
near the old man. Deponent remembers two other members of the family,
Abram and Isaac. Deponent lived with his father in the Rye Cove at the
time those improvements were made. Never heard of Jacob Hooser. 
Deponent's statement is founded on hearsay. 
 
14th May, 1814, James Dugless
deposes, at dwelling house of John Smith in Madison County, Ohio, shortly
after 1780 deponent moved from Washington County, Va., to Kentucky.
26th February, 1812, Doswell Rogers deposes, in Lee County, he settled on
North Fork Clinch the same year that the Hoosers settled. The settlement
was broken up by Indians for several years. The Wallens, Bentons, Wm.
Roberts and others named these streams as they went through hunting
lands. The Bentons were killed 35 or 36 years ago in April next. 
 
29th May, 1811, Peter Fulkerson deposes, in Lee County, the country was 
unsettled and dangerous in 1785 on account of Indians. Deed, 30th May,

page 227








1803, by William McCutchen of Carter County, Tenn., John McKinny
of Lee County, land in Lee County. Corner Nathaniel Taylors, 16,000
acres survey. Corner George Goff, 200 acres bought from Nathaniel 
Taylor. Recorded in Lee County, August, 1803. Deed, 31st May, 1803, by
Nathaniel Taylor of Carter County, Tenn., to John McKinney of Lee... 
 
See The Daniel Boone Trail for a discussion of the route that Daniel Boone took passing by Valentine Felty Vanhooser's holdings on the Clinch River.


The Gwinns, for a discussion of Augusta County, Virginia and Dunemore's War.

Sunday, November 13, 2011

Valentine Felty Vanhooser Sr.

Valentine Felty Van Hooser is the fourth generation of Van Husses in America. Valentine's father was Johannes Van Hoesen, his father was also named Johanes Van Hoesen, and his father was Jan Fransse Van Husum, the first Van Huss in America.

Shakespeare would ask, "What is in a name?" Van Husum refers to the city of Husum, which is located on the coast of Jutland, an area historically referred to as North Friesland, and today northern Germany. Jan Fransse Van Husum's wife Volckje Juriens accompanied Jan to America in 1639. She was from the neighboring island of Noortstandt, which was devastated by a flood in 1634, which killed both her parents.


'The town lay close to the North Sea, to one side of it lay the broad meadows of the marshland and to the other in my youth the large partly reclaimed heathland . . . [T]he town had a somewhat antiquated character, many houses were still with stepped gables . . .'

Theodore Storm letter to young Austrian writer Ada Christen in Vienna, 2 March 1873.

For background on the area of North Friesland, see the site of Theodore Storm, Husum's most famous author.

Valentine Felty Vanhooser

The great grandson of Jan Fransse Van Husum,Valentine Felty Van Hooser, seems to have been a peripatetic fellow. He began life in Claverack, New York in 1725, and left it in 1781 at Montgomery, Washington County, Virginia. In the mean time, in 1746, he married Maria Barbara "Barbary" Zerwe in Tulpenhocken, Lancaster, Pennsylvania. The couple lived for four or five years in Pennsylvania, having three children while there, and then, shortly after 1751, moved to Rowan County, North Carolina. They followed in the footsteps of Daniel Boone's family which also made the move from Pennsylvania to North Carolina, before Daniel started his wanderings in Tennessee and Kentucky.

Eventually, Valentine Felty Van Hooser would end up in Wythe County, Virginia. It is important to remember that in the early days of settlement, counties were newly created and subsequently divided or renamed. Rowan County, North Carolina became, in part, Anson County. Washington County, Virginia, became Wythe County.

Valentine Felty and his wife Maria Barbara Zerwe would produce thirteen children during their long marriage. The last of whom Valentine Felty Vanhooser, Jr., born 1768 in Rowan County, North Carolina, would be the Van Huss from whom Robert Van Huss is descended.

New York

Of New York, all I now know is that Valentine Felty Vanhooser Sr. was born on 26 Jan 1725 in Claverack, New York.  This was the part of the country where his great grandfather Jan Fransse Van Husum had settled and bought land. The land was originally part of the Dutch New Netherlands. It was located on the Hudson River where the modern day city of Albany now exists.

Nothing is known of Valentine's early life. All that we can know is that by the age of 21 he had left for William Penn's colony of Pennsylvania. Interestingly, Maria Barbara Zerwe was buried in Christ Church in Elizabethtown, Pennsylvania.

Pennsylvania

Maria Barbara Zerwe was born in Livingston, New York. Livingston County is in the far western part of the state, south of modern Rochester. Thus, it is likely that she met and married young Valentine in Tulpenhocken. They were married  22 December 1746, in Christ Church, Elizabethtown, Tulpehocken, Lancaster, Pennsylvania.

See the ebook, Blue book of Schuylkill County, 1746, December 22, Valentine Von Huss to Maria Barbara Zerwe, Tul-pehocken. It is in section 334, a little less than half way down the page. 

Interestingly, it is in the same church that Maria Barbara Zerwe was buried. Add source.

Tulpehocken is the eighteenth century name used to describe a part of Lancaster County first settled by Scotch-Irish and Pennsylvania Dutch. Daniel Boone's ancestors settled this area before moving south.

Tulpenhocken is also the name of a creek in Berks County. The Tulpehocken Creek is the largest stream in Berks County. Arising from springs west of Myerstown in Lebanon County.  It enters Berks county near Stouchsburg and flows east and south 29 miles until it reaches the Schuylkill River at Reading.The creek may or may not be a good reference to where Valentine Felty Vanhooser lived. The reason is that Maria was buried in Christ Church in Elizabethtown, Pennsylvania, further to the west.

To be certain one would have to look at the land record for Lancaster County recording the deed.

Records from 1749 indicate that some 12,000 emigrants from Northern Europe arrived in Philadelphia and many headed to the Tulpenhocken area. Historical Summary of the Tulpenhocken Area.

Precious little is known about Valentine and Maria in Tupenhocken other than their marriage in 1746 and the fact that the couple took out a land grant of 50 acres in Berks County, which was formed from the larger Lancaster County. The wedding most likely took place at Elizabethtown in the Christ Lutheran Church, original log church 1743, present building 1786. It is in the cemetery at Christ Lutheran that Maria Barbara Zerwe Vanhooser is buried along with her parents.

Find a Grave

But there is also evidence that they had migrated to Rowan County by 1747.

North Carolina

By 1747, they were in Rowan County, North Carolina along the Yadkin River.

Only speculation exists as to why Valentine and Maria left Pennsylvania for North Carolina. One account suggests that they followed the advice of a Boone family member who also migrated to the area. Daniel Boone, born in Pennsylvania to Quaker parents, also migrated to the Yadkin Valley in western North Carolina. But as we will see, the Vanhoosers arrived in the Yadkin Valley three years before the Boone family.

The route taken by both families would follow modern day Interstate 81, along the contours of the Shenandoah Mountains of western Virginia and North Carolina. I am going to use the Cox-Stewart Family History of Valentine Felty Vanhooser to retrace their route.

(I hesitate because of the seeming impossibility of all the names, dates, and places. Draw your own conclusions and check other sources.)

John, the first child of Valentine and Barbara, was born in 1747 in Anson County, North Carolina. Then, according to the genealogy, twins Maria and Jacob were born in 1751 in Tulphocken, Pennsylvania. Three years later, in 1754, Miss Vanhooser was born, again in Anson County. In 1756,  in Augusta County, Virginia, Abraham was born.

At this point in the birth narrative, I am going to take a break, because it is important to understand the historical events. In 1753, the western inhabitants of Anson County North Carolina petitioned for a new county to be called Rowan County. This area containing Yadkin Valley extended westerly towards Tennessee and northerly to Virginia. The purpose of the new county was to establish a county seat nearer the inhabitants than the existing county seat.

Historically, it is also significant to know that Squire Boone and family, to include his more well-known son, Daniel, arrived in the Yadkin Valley in 1750.The records of births to Valentine and Barbara Vanhooser put their arrival in Rowan County three years earlier.

The French and Indian War lasted between 1754 and 1763. And in 1756, Fort Dobbs was built 26 miles to the west of the county seat Salisbury for the protection of the inhabitants from the Shawnees and Cherokees who raided from the north and west.

Abraham Vanhooser is listed as born in 1756, in Augusta County, Virginia, which coincides with the Indian troubles in and around Fort Dobbs. By 1758, Valentine and Barbara are back in Rowan County where two more children Miss and Valentine (not to be confused with another later Valentine, also born to the same parents) are born. Five more children are born, all in Rowan County, and the last Valentine Jr., from whom Bob is descended, in 1768.

Sometime around 1771, Valentine and his family leave North Carolina for Virginia for good.

References:

1. Rowan County History.

2. Fort Dobbs.

Virginia

In 1774, Valentine and his large family moved to Fincastle (now Montgomery) County Virginia; then moved to the North Fork of the Clinch River in 1775; but, after two years of fighting the Cherokee Indians, moved back to a more civilized area of Virginia.

Today, this is a trip up Highway 21, from Hickory, North Carolina to Wytheville, near Blacksburg, Virgina. A westerly route through the Piedmont takes you up Highway 221. Mapquest.

Valentine was a wealthy man. He owned lots of land and had quite a few Negro slaves. However, when the Revolutionery War broke out, Valentine was loyal to the British and became a known Tory. He took up arms against the colonists and fought for Genral Cornwallis, dying in the year 1781 at one of the last two battle Cornwallis fought in--the Guilford Co., North Carolina County court house, or at Yorktown, Virginia, where Cornwallis surrendered.

Read more of the online biography of Valentine.

Valentine and Barbara had a large family. One family record puts the number at 18. Note that the name Valentine is given to at least three sons. It is the last, Valentine Vanhooser, born in 1769 - died in Johnson, Tennessee in 1857, who is the ancestor of Bob Van Huss of Kansas. This later Valentine crossed the mountains into eastern Tennessee, near Fort Watauga.


Children with Barbara b. ABT 1726
Anson, North Carolina
d.
Agst, Virginia

Abraham Van Hooserb. 1756
Augusta,
d. 30 Aug 1834
Madison, Illinois

Maria Catharine Van Hooserb. 18 Apr 1747
Tulpehocken, Berks, Pennsylvania
d.

John Van Hooserb. 1747
Anson, North Carolina
d. 1 Sep 1850
New Market, Jefferson, Tennessee

Jacob Van Hooserb. 1747
Anson, North Carolina
d. 25 Aug 1845
Wayne, Kentucky

Maria Barbara Van Hooserb. 22 May 1749
Tulpehocken, Berks, Pennsylvania
d.

Isaac Van Hooserb. 1750
Anson, North Carolina
d. 5 Apr 1831

Elizabeth Van Hooserb. ABT 1752
Anson, North Carolina
d.

Van Hooserb. ABT 1754
Anson, North Carolina
d.

Miss Van Hooserb. ABT 1754
Rowan, North Carolina
d.

Van Hooserb. ABT 1758
Rowan, North Carolina
d.

Valentine Van Hooserb. ABT 1758
Rowan, North Carolina
d. 1836

Curate Van Hooserb. ABT 1760
Rowan, North Carolina
d.
young

Isaac Van Hooserb. BET 1762 AND 1764
Rowan, North Carolina
d. 5 Apr 1831
Warren, Tennessee

Elizabeth Van Hooserb. 1766
Rowan, North Carolina
d.
Jefferson, Tennessee

Valentine Van Hussb. 1768
Rowan, North Carolina
d. 1854

*Valentine Van Hooserb. 14 Feb 1768
Rowan, North Carolina
d. 1 Mar 1857
Johnson, Tennessee

Van Hooserb. ABT 1770d.

Van Hooserb. ABT 1772d.






Sources:
1.  Van Hooser Family of the United States, by Joyce Lindstrom, pages 237-238.
2.  Records of Rowan County.
3. A Colonial History of Rowan County.
4. Children of Valentine and Maria.
5. Birthplace of Valentine.
6. Biography of Valentine Felty Vanhooser
7. Parents of Valentine Felty Vanhooser